Considering the unique needs of West African survivors of human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation, this Dublin-Pre-Return Counselling Manual was created to equip social workers working with anti-trafficking counselling centres:

  • … in Germany to prepare their clients for a forced Dublin return to Italy and to pre-emptively connects them to the social worker of an anti-trafficking counselling NGO in the destination country, namely Italy.
  • … in Germany or Italy to accompany survivors through the return experience, providing psycho-social support throughout the process in real time via phone and text messaging thereby minimising the negative impacts of experiencing forced return.
  • … in Italy to receive returnees once return authorities have completed border crossing and released them.


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